Apollinaris (d. 390)

Apollinaris of Laodicea also known as Apollinaris "the Younger" was a bishop of Laodicea in Syria.

Julian the Apostate (Flavius Claudius Julianus) (331/332 – 363), the emperor at the time tried to return the empire to Neoplatonic paganism and forbid the teaching of the Christian Classics (the Bible).  Along with his father Apollinaris the Elder, Apollinaris reproduced the Old Testament in the form of Homeric and Pindaric poetry (the pagan 'canonical' poetry of ancient Greece) , and the New Testament after the fashion of Platonic dialogues (the teaching style of the Greek philosophers). 

Apollinaris is also known as a noted opponent of Arianism.  Apollinaris' eagerness to emphasize the deity of Jesus and the unity of his person with the Godhead led him so far as to deny the existence of a rational human soul (nous) in Christ's human nature, this being replaced in him by the logos, so that his body was a glorified and spiritualized form of humanity. Over against this the orthodox position which maintained that Christ assumed human nature in its entirety including the nous, for only so could He be example and redeemer. It was alleged that the system of Apollinaris was really Docetism, that if the Godhood without constraint swayed the manhood there was no possibility of real human probation  or of real advance in Christ's manhood. The position was accordingly condemned by several synods and in particular by that of Constantinople (381).

This did not prevent its having a considerable following, which after Apollinaris's death divided into two sects, the more conservative taking its name (Vitalians) from Vitalis, the Apollinarist claimant to the see of Antioch, the other (Polemeans) adding the further assertion that the two natures were so blended that even the body of Christ was a fit object of adoration. The whole Apollinarian type of thought persisted in what was later the Monophysite school.

Apollinaris did make a lasting contribution to orthodox theology in declaring that Christ was consubstantial (of one substance) with the Father as regarding his divinity and consubstantial with us as regarding his humanity. This formula, which originated with Apollinaris, later became official orthodox doctrine.  Apollinaris was also one of the first to claim that God suffered and died on the cross, a claim which received immediate condemnation but later became acceptable in orthodox theology.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollinaris_of_Laodicea 1/7/11