The books of I and II Kings were originally one book, they were divided at the time that book binding technology would not capable of making a single volume of the necessary length. Here they are treated together because it gives a beter picture of the struggles of the nation.

  • The dedication of the temple in 1 Kings 8 is very significant in Israel's history.
  • Notice the downfall of Solomon (1 Kings 11) as it relates to Deut. 17:16-17.
  • Notice the seeds of destruction planted in the Northern Kingdom: 1 Kings 12:25-33.
  • Note the account of Elijah's prophetic "battle" with the prophets of Baal in 1 Kings 18.

 

Table of the Kings of Israel and Judah
Division after Solomon

 Year
BC

Kings of
Judah

Kings of
Israel

Notes

Prophets

931

1 Rehoboam

1 Jeroboam I

Jeroboam rebels against Solomon and he flees to Egypt.  He returns upon Solomon's death and the kingdom is partitioned. 

Jeroboam builds Golden Calves at Bethel and Dan so that his people will not have to go down to Jerusalem to worship.

In Judah also they set up high places, sacred stones and Asherah poles. This begins the paganization of Judah as well

Shemaiah

Abijah

913

2 Abijah

 

Reigned 3 years. Continued in the sins of his fathers. Constant war with the house of Jeroboam.

 

911

3 Asa

 

Reigned 41 years. He did what was right in the eyes of the L-rd as his father David had done.

 

910

 

2 Nadab

Reigned over Israel two years.  He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, walking in the ways of his father and in his sin, which he had caused Israel to commit.

 

909

 

3 Baasha

Reigned 24 years. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, walking in the ways of Jeroboam and in his sin, which he had caused Israel to commit

 

886

 

4 Elah

Elah son of Baasha reigned 2 years. He did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

Zimri, one of his officials assassinated him and became king. This is the end of the House of Jeroboam.

 

885

 

5 Zimri

Zimri reigned 7 days.

When the Israelites heard that Zimri had plotted against the king and murdered him, they proclaimed Omri, the commander of the army, king over Israel that very day there in the camp.

Zimri hid in the royal palace and set it on fire. He died in the fire.

 

885

 

6 Omri

There was then a power struggle between supporters of Tibni son of Ginath, and supporters of Omri. Omri emerged as king and reigned 12 years. He brought the capital from Tirzah to Samaria. He continued in the evil ways of his predicessors.

Elijah Micaiah

874

 

7 Ahab

Reigned in Samaria 22 years.

Ahab son of Omri did more evil in the eyes of the LORD than any of those before him.  Jeroboam's religious reforms were a polarization of the worship of the L-rd. Ahab married Jezebel daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and began to serve Baal and worship him.

There remained faithful people in Israel and prophets like Elijah were working during this time.

870

4 Jehoshaphat

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 25 years.

He walked in the ways of his father Asa and did not stray from them; he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD. The high places, however, were not removed, and the people continued to offer sacrifices and burn incense there.

Jehoshaphat was also at peace with the king of Israel

 

853

 

8 Ahaziah

Ahaziah reigned over Israel 2 years.

He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, because he walked in the ways of his father and mother, Ahab and Jezebel, and in the ways of Jeroboam.

 

852

 

9 Joram

Joram son of Ahab became king of Israel he reigned 12 years. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, but not as his father and mother had done. He got rid of the sacred stone of Baal that his father had made. Nevertheless he clung to the sins of Jeroboam.

Elisha

848

5 Jehoram

 

Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat ruled jointly with his father for a while. He reigned in Jerusalem 8 years.

He married a daughter of Ahab. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD.

 

843

6 Ahaziah

10 Jehu

Ahaziah reigned in Jerusalem 1 year. His mother's name was Athaliah, a granddaughter of Omri king of Israel. He was also related to the house of Ahab. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD.

Jehu is anointed king and told to annihilate the house of Ahab. A war ensues that destroys the house of Ahab and the ministers of Baal. Jehu does emerge as king and reigns for __ years.

 

841

7 Athaliah

 

Athaliah is the only female ruler. She destroys the rest of the royal family and proclaims herself queen.

 

835

8 Joash

 

Jehosheba, the daughter of King Jehoram and sister of Ahaziah, took Joash son of Ahaziah and stole him away from among the royal princes, who were about to be murdered.

He remained hidden with his nurse at the temple of the LORD for six years while Athaliah ruled the land.

Being raised by the priest Joash was able to reconstitute the faithful worship of the L-rd in Judah.

Joel

814

 

11 Jehoahaz

Jehoahaz son of Jehu became king of Israel and reigned 17 years.  He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD by following the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat

Jonah Amos Hosea

798

 

12 Jehoash

Jehoash son of Jehoahaz became king of Israel and reigned 16 years. He did not turn away from any of the sins of Jeroboam

796

9 Amaziah

 

Amaziah son of Joash reigned in Jerusalem 29 years. He did what was right in the eyes of the L-RD, but not as his father David had done.

782  

13 Jeroboam II

Jeroboam II son of Jehoash king of Israel became king in Samaria, and reigned 41 years. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD and did not turn away from any of the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat

767

10 Uzziah (Azariah)

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 52 years. He did what was right in the eyes of the L-RD, just as his father Amaziah had done

Isaiah

Micah

740

11 Jotham

 

Jotham ruled with his father Uzziah. He reigned 16 years.  He followed in the ways of his father.

753

 

14 Zechariah

Reigned 6 months

752

 

15 Shallum

Reigned 1 month

752

 

16 Menahem

Reigned 10 years. Became a Vassal to Tiglath-pileser III (Pul) of Assyria. This is the beginning of the end of the northern kingdom.

732 

12 Ahaz

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 16 years. Did not follow after his father David. He sacrificed his son following the customs of the people the L-rd had driven out of the land.

742

 

17 Pekahiah

Reigned 2 years

740

 

18 Pekah

Reigned 20 years

732

 

19 Hoshea

Reigned 9 years

 716

13 Hezekiah

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 29 years.

He did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, just as his father David had done. He removed the high places, smashed the sacred stones and cut down the Asherah poles. He broke into pieces the bronze snake Moses had made, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it. That is they had taken something that was a sign of the L-rd's deliverance and thinking of it as a g-d.

 722

   

Fall of Samaria, the capital of Israel, to Sargon II of Assyria.

 

 718     End of the northern kingdom of Israel. Final captives taken and population replaced.  

 687

14 Manasseh

 

Reigned for 55 years. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, following the detestable practices of the nations the L-RD had driven out before the Israelites.  He rebuilt the high places his father Hezekiah had destroyed; he also erected altars to Baal and made an Asherah pole, as Ahab king of Israel had done.

Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah

 642

15 Amon

 

Reigned 2 years. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, as his father Manasseh had done. He worshiped the idols his father had worshiped

 640

16 Josiah

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 31 years. He did what was right in the eyes of the L-RD and walked in all the ways of his father David, not turning aside to the right or to the left.

He had the temple of the L-rd repaired and in doing so they found a copy of the law and when it was brought to the king he realized how far the nation had strayed from the law.

 608

17 Jehoahaz

 

Reigned 3 months. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, just as his fathers had done.

 608

18 Jehoiakim

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 11 years. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, just as his fathers had done.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon invaded the land, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. But then he changed his mind and rebelled.

Daniel
Ezekiel
Jeremiah

 597

19 Jehoiachin

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 3 months. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as his father had done.

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon advanced on Jerusalem and laid siege to it, and Nebuchadnezzar himself came up to the city while his officers were besieging it. Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his attendants, his nobles and his officials all surrendered to him.

 597

20 Zedekiah

 

Reigned in Jerusalem 11 years. Taken prisoner to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar. He did evil in the eyes of the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done.

586     

End of the southern kingdom of Judah.

 

 

 

http://www.truthgleaner.org/king_chr.htm 9/28/03

http://www.miketaylor.org.uk/xian/bible/events.html 8/21/05

http://www.ldolphin.org/kings.html 4/19/15

http://www.fbcaa.org/BibleStudies/ot/1ki/Postiff/1KingsOutline.pdf 4/19/15