Kings of Israel

From the perspective of political Israel this is part of the History of the nation of Israel. The story of the faithful, if you can call them that, is carried through the house of David. The real reason for that being the path of the covenant has to do more with the promices of God than the action of men. The Northern Kingdom, also known as Israel was born out of rebellion, at least that is a common statement. 

1 King Solomon, however, loved many foreign women besides Pharaoh's daughter—Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians and Hittites. 2 They were from nations about which the Lord had told the Israelites, "You must not intermarry with them, because they will surely turn your hearts after their gods." Nevertheless, Solomon held fast to them in love. 3 He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray. 4 As Solomon grew old, his wives turned his heart after other gods, and his heart was not fully devoted to the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father had been. 5 He followed Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, and Molek the detestable god of the Ammonites. 6 So Solomon did evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not follow the Lord completely, as David his father had done. (I Kings 11.1-6)


As always the promices of the covenent colide with the action of teh people in the story. Because Solomon did not remain devoted to God we read later:

9 The Lord became angry with Solomon because his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice. 10 Although he had forbidden Solomon to follow other gods, Solomon did not keep the Lord's command. 11 So the Lord said to Solomon, "Since this is your attitude and you have not kept my covenant and my decrees, which I commanded you, I will most certainly tear the kingdom away from you and give it to one of your subordinates. 12 Nevertheless, for the sake of David your father, I will not do it during your lifetime. I will tear it out of the hand of your son. 13 Yet I will not tear the whole kingdom from him, but will give him one tribe for the sake of David my servant and for the sake of Jerusalem, which I have chosen." (I Kings 11.9-13)

The reson that many say that the Israel was born out of rebellion is because Reoboam had increased taxes and conscripted labor but that is in chapter 12. this is part of the reason that "..., Jeroboam son of Nebat rebelled against the king. He was one of Solomon's officials, an Ephraimite from Zeredah... (I Kings 11.26)" At this point in the story though we see that it is the unfaithfulness of the house of Solomon that the "the kingom was torn out of Solomon's hands.

29 About that time Jeroboam was going out of Jerusalem, and Ahijah the prophet of Shiloh met him on the way, wearing a new cloak. The two of them were alone out in the country, 30 and Ahijah took hold of the new cloak he was wearing and tore it into twelve pieces. 31 Then he said to Jeroboam, "Take ten pieces for yourself, for this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: 'See, I am going to tear the kingdom out of Solomon's hand and give you ten tribes. 32 But for the sake of my servant David and the city of Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, he will have one tribe. 33 I will do this because they have forsaken me and worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Molek the god of the Ammonites, and have not walked in obedience to me, nor done what is right in my eyes, nor kept my decrees and laws as David, Solomon's father, did. (I Kings 11.29-34)

With this award and the warning that came with it you might think that Jeroboam would remain faithful but by chapter 12 we find: 

26 Jeroboam thought to himself, "The kingdom will now likely revert to the house of David. 27 If these people go up to offer sacrifices at the temple of the Lord in Jerusalem, they will again give their allegiance to their lord, Rehoboam king of Judah. They will kill me and return to King Rehoboam."

28 After seeking advice, the king made two golden calves. He said to the people, "It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Here are your gods, Israel, who brought you up out of Egypt." 29 One he set up in Bethel, and the other in Dan. 30 And this thing became a sin; the people came to worship the one at Bethel and went as far as Dan to worship the other.

31 Jeroboam built shrines on high places and appointed priests from all sorts of people, even though they were not Levites. (I Kings 12.26-31)

Even though Israel began as a divine award, political power outweighs faithfulness. The northeren kingdom is not stable in faith or pilitics. The first table shows the 5 dynasties that ruled Israel. Following that is a list of the kings and their tenure. We note in the second table that all of these kings are evil. Statements like these really paint the people who are part of a nation as all the same. This is not necessarily true as there were Prophets who served to agonize the evil kings. The man in the street may well have followed these prophets, continued the pilgrimages to Jerusalem or moved to the sourhtern kingdom of Judah.

Kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel
Date (BC) Dynasty Number  Name transition Scripture
931-909 First   House of Jeroboam
909-885 Second    House of Baasha and House of Zimri

Baasha came to power by murdering the previous king, Nadab, at Gibbethon, followed by the entire House of Jeroboam. Baasha had previously been a captain in Nadab's own army. Zimri was Baasha' servant who rises to the throne.  

The House of Zimri was a short-lived reigning dynasty of the Kingdom of Israel. It was a transitional period between the reigns House of Baasha and the Omrides. 

The House mainly consists of the king Zimri, who lost a civil war against Omri and committed suicide by self-immolation.  In addition, Zimri's successor Tibni has been suggested to be his kinsman or his sibling. 

27 Baasha son of Ahijah from the tribe of Issachar plotted against him, and he struck him down at Gibbethon, a Philistine town, while Nadab and all Israel were besieging it. 28 Baasha killed Nadab in the third year of Asa king of Judah and succeeded him as king. (I Kings 15.27, 28)

885-841 Third    Omrides Omri is the first king and the one from which the dynastic name is drawn.   
841-752 Fourth     House of Jehu    
752 No dynasty    Shallum    
841-740 Fifth     House of Gadi    
452-740 No dynasty Pekah    
733-722 No dynasty Hoshea    


Kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel
  Date Name Prophet Scripture
First Dynasty - House of Jeroboam
  931 - 910 Jeroboam I Ahiajah I Kings 12-14
II Chronicles 10
  910 - 909 Nadab   I Kimgs 15 
Second Dynasty - House of Baasha and House of Zimri
  909 - 886  Baasha Jehu I Kings 16 
  886 - 885 Elah    
  885 Zimri    
Third Dynasty - Omrides
  885-874 Omri    
  874-853 Ahab    
  853-852 Ahaziah    
  852-841 Jehoram    
Fourth Dynasty - House of Jehu
  841-814 Jehu    
  814-798 Jehoahaz    
  798-782 Jehoash    
  782-753 Jeroboam II    
  753-752 Zechariah    
No dynasty
  752 Shallum    
Fifth Dynasty - House of Gadi
  752-742 Menahem    
  742-740 Pekahiah    
No dynasty
  452-740 Pekah    
  733-722 Hoshea