Print 

Exodus

The English name Exodus comes from the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament, where the book is called  ἔξοδος, meaning "going out." In Hebrew the book's title is shemos, "Names", from the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob... (Exodus 1.1 NIV)." The book takes the children of Israel from bondage in Egypt to the erection of the tabernacle. Much of what many consider the "Exodus" story is actually contained in the book of Numbers. Numbers is called "In the Wilderness" in Hebrew. 

 

  1. The Problem for Egypt and Israel (1.1-22)

    1.8 Then a new king, to whom Joseph meant nothing, came to power in Egypt. 9 "Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become far too numerous for us. 10 ...if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."

    11 So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh. (1.8-11)

    1. Israel's population explosion (1.1-7)
    2. Pharaoh enslaves Israel (1.8-14)
    3. Midwives protect Hebrew boys (1.15-22)
  2. Moses' Early Life (2.1-22)
    1. Birth (2.1-2)
    2. Under care of Pharaoh's daughter (2.3-10)
    3. Crime and threatened punishment (2.11-15)
    4. Life in Midian (2.16-22)
  3. God Prepares to Act (2.23-25)
    2.24 God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob. 25 So God looked on the Israelites and was concerned about them. (2.24-25)
  4. Call of Moses (3.1-4.17)
    1. Burning bush (3.1-6)
    2. Introduction to God's plan for diliverance (3.7-12)
    3. God gives His name and authority (3.13-15)
    4. God's plan in more detail (3.16-22)
    5. Three signs of God's Authority (4.1-9)
    6. Moses is reluctant (4.10-17)
  5. Moses' Journey to Egypt (4:18-31)
    1. Preparing to depart (4.18-20)
    2. 4.21 The Lord said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go. 22 Then say to Pharaoh, 'This is what the Lord says: Israel is my firstborn son, 23 and I told you, "Let my son go, so he may worship me." But you refused to let him go; so I will kill your firstborn son.'" (4.21-23 NIV)
      God reveals final plague (4.21-23)
    3. God attacks Moses (4.24-26)
    4. Moses meets Aaron (4.27-28)
    5. Israel believes (4.29-31)
  6. Initial Visit to Pharaoh (5.1-6.30)
    1. Initial audience and Failure (5.1-4)
    2. Increased workload (5.5-14)
    3. Complaints (5:15-23)
      1. To Pharaoh (5.15-19)
      2. To Moses (5.20-21)
      3. To God (5.22-23)
    4. God responds (6.1-9)
    5. God commands Moses and Aaron (6.10-13)
    6. Genealogy that identifies Moses (6.14-27)
    7. Moses still reluctant (6.28-30)
  7. Moses Before Pharaoh (7.1-12.36)
    1. Command to Moses and Aaron (7.1-7)
    2. Second audience - rod and serpent (7.8-13)
    3. Ten Plagues - aimed an Egyptian gods (7.14-12.26)
        1. Water turned to blood (7.14-25)
        2. Frogs (8.1-15)
        3. Gnats (8.16-19)
        4. Flies (8.20-32)
        5. Plague on livestock (9.1-7)
        6. Boils (9.8-12)
        7. Hail (9.13-35)
        8. Locusts (10.1-20)
        9. Darkness (10.21-29)
        10. Death of the firstborn (11.1-12:36)
          1. Plague announced (11.1-10)
          2. Institution of Passover (12.1-28)
          3. Final Plague occurs (12.29-30)
          4. Pharaoh lets Israel go (12.31-32)
          5. Israel plunders Egypt (12.33-36)
  8. The Journey Begins (12.37-13.22)
    21 By day the Lord went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night. 22 Neither the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night left its place in front (13.21-22)
    1. Statistics (12.37-42)
    2. Passover regulations (12.43-51)
    3. Consecration of firstborn (13.1-2)
    4. Passover regulations (13.3-10)
    5. Consecration of firstborn (13.11-16)
    6. Toward the Red Sea (13.17-18)
    7. Joseph's bones (13.19)
    8. Divine guidance (13.20-22)
  9. Drama at the Red Sea (14.1-15.21)
    1. God's plan (14.1-4)
    2. Pharaoh pursues (14.5-9)
    3. Israel laments (14.10-14)
    4. God's command (14.15-18)
    5. Darkness stops Pharaoh (14.19-20)
    6. A path through the sea (14.21-31)
      1. Israel saved (14.21-22)
      2. Egypt destroyed (14.23-31)
    7. Song of Moses (15.1-18)
    8. Recap of events (15.19)
    9. Song of Miriam (15.20-21)
  10. The Journey From the Red Sea to Sinai (15.22-18.27)
    1. God quenches thirst at Marah (15.22-27)
    2. God provides manna and quail (16.1-30)
    3. Description of manna (16.31-36)
    4. Water from a rock at Rephidim (17.1-7)
    5. Victory over Amalek (17.8-16)
    6. Moses' Father in law Jethro visits (18.1-27)
      1. Reunion (18.1-12)
      2. Jethro's advice (18.13-27)
  11. God Meets Israel at Sinai (19.1-31:18)
    1. Arrival at Mt. Sinai (19.1-2)
    2. 3 Then Moses went up to God ..."This is what you are to say to the descendants of Jacob... : 4 'You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. 5 Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, 6 you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' ... (19.3-6)
      God's call to the nation (19.3-6)
    3. Preparation for God's Visit (19.7-15)
    4. God's Vistit -- Theophany (19.16-25)
    5. Ten Commandments (20.1-17)
    6. Theophany continues (20.18-21)
    7. Covenant Code (20.22-23.19)
      1. Altar construction (20.22-26)
        24 "'Make an altar of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats and your cattle. Wherever I cause my name to be honored, I will come to you and bless you. 25 If you make an altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool on it. (20.24, 25)
      2. Slavery (21.1-11)
      3. Death penalty (21.12-17)
      4. Personal injury (21.18-32)
      5. Property damage (21.33-22.17)
      6. Death penalty (22.18-20)
      7. Poor (22.21-27)
      8. Religious duty (22.28-31)
      9. Just behavior (23.1-9)
      10. Sabbath (23.10-11)
      11. Religious duty (23.12-19)
    8. Promise of guidance (23.20-33)
      20 "Behold, I send an angel before you to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have prepared. 21 Pay careful attention to him and obey his voice; do not rebel against him, for he will not pardon your transgression, for my name is in him. (Exodus 23.20-22)
    9. Sealing a covenant with a meal before God (24.1-11)
    10. Preparation for receiving additional legislation (24.12-18)
    11. Plans for worship (25.1-31.11)
      1. Tabernacle (25.1-27.21)
      2. Aaron's garment (28.1-43)
      3. Ordination of priests (29.1-34)
      4. Regular sacrifices (29.35-46)
      5. Altar of incense (30.1-10)
      6. Tax (30.11-16)
      7. Water and incense (30.17-38)
      8. Construction supervisors (31.1-11)
    12. Sabbath legislation (31.12-17)
    13. End of the first instructions (31.18)
  12. The Golden Calf (32.1-33.23)
    1. Moses' absence creates a problem (32.1)
    2. Aaron creates an image and declares a feast (32.2-6)
    3. Dialogue between God and Moses (32.7-14)
      1. God condemns Israel (32.7-10)
      2. Moses intercedes for Israel (32.11-14)
    4. Moses confronts and disciplines Israel (32.15-29)
    5. Moses intercedes for Israel (32.30-34)
    6. God punishes Israel (32.35-33.3)
      3 Go up to the land flowing with milk and honey. But I will not go with you, because you are a stiff-necked people and I might destroy you on the way." (Exodus 33.3)
    7. Israel mourns (33.4-6)
    8. Moses' special relationship with God (33.7-11)
    9. Moses intercedes for Israel (33.12-16)
    10. God shows Moses His glory (33.17-23)
  13. Moses on Mt. Sinai a Second Time (34.1-35)
    1. God summons Moses to meet with Him again (34.1-4)
    2. God identifies Himself (34.5-7)
    3. Moses intercedes for Israel (34.8-9)
    4. God renews His covenant (34.10-28)
    5. Moses returns to Israel (34.29)
    6. Moses' glow and use of a veil (34.30-35)
  14. Building of the Tabernacle (35.1-40.38)
    1. Collection of an offering (35.1-36.7)
    2. Construction of the tabernacle and furnishings (36.8-39.43)
      1. Tabernacle (36.8-38)
      2. Ark of the Covenant (37.1-9)
      3. Table (37.10-16)
      4. Lampstand (37.17-24)
      5. Altar of Incense (37.25-28)
      6. Holy anointing oil (37.29)
      7. Altar of Burnt Offering (38.1-7)
      8. Laver of bronze (38.8)
      9. Court (38.9-20)
      10. Cost of the tabernacle (38.21-31)
      11. Priests' garments (39.1-31)
    3. Completion of work and presentation to Moses (39.32-43)
  15. Erection of the Tabernacle (40.1-38)
    1. Completed tabernacle erected (40.1-33)
    2. God's presence symbolized by a cloud (40.34-38)

 

Based on http://cc.cumberlandcollege.edu/acad/rel/hbible/HebrewBible/hbout/exodout.htm 12/31/05