Tables of the canonical books can get a bit tedious as in the tables below.  The issue of canonicity aside the attitude toward scripture is also an important part of this discussion.  From MSGR. Daniel Kutys we get some important insights on the Roman Catholic thinking on the importance of scripture, his full article is at the link below.

Average Catholics asked today how often they read the Bible likely would say that they do not read the Bible regularly. However, if asked how often they read Scripture, the answer would be different. Practicing Catholics know they read and hear Scripture at every Mass. Many also recognize that basic prayers Catholics say, such as the Our Father and the Hail Mary, are scriptural. But for most Catholics, the Scripture they hear and read is not from the Bible. It is from a worship aid in the pew.

 http://www.usccb.org/bible/understanding-the-bible/study-materials/articles/changes-in-catholic-attitudes-toward-bible-readings.cfm 12/27/13

The liturgical use of scripture is more devotional than academic which is probably of more value than many protestants would admit. 

The divisions and book names in the first table are based on the contents page of the New American Bible (1987: World Catholic Press) which is a common translation used in Roman Catholic circles today.  Older Roman Catholic tradition used different names as in the second table.  

 

Old Testament   
 Pentateuch   
 Genesis Exodus  Leviticus  Numbers 
 Deuteronomy  Joshua  Judges  Ruth
 Historical Books   
 1 Samuel  2 Samuel  1 Kings  2 Kings
 1 Chronicles  2 Chronicles  Ezra  Nehemiah
 Tobit  Judith  Esther  1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees      
Wisdom Books   
Job Psalms Proverbs Ecclesiastes
Song of Songs Wisdom Sirach  
Prophetic Books   
Major Prophets   
Isaiah Jeremiah Lamentations Baruch
Ezekial Daniel    
Minor Prophets   
Hosea Joel Amos Obdiah
Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk
Zephaniah Haggai Zechariah Malachi
New Testament   
Gospels   
Matthew Mark Luke John
History   
Acts of the Apostles      
Epistles   
Romans 1 Corinthians 2 Corinthians Galatians
Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 Thessalonians
2 Thessalonians 1 Timothy 2 Timothy Titus
Philemon Hebrews James 1 Peter
2 Peter 1 John 2 John 3 John
Jude      
Apocalypse   
Revelation      

 

Evangelical Christianity has impacted the English Bible in many ways not the least of which is the book names. Because the Roman Catholic Church was coming out of the Latin tradition old Catholic Bibles use book names more reminiscent to the Vulgate.

From the 1953 New Catholic Edition of the Holy Bible (Catholic Book Publishing Company, NewYork)

OT: Douay Verson

NT: Challoner-Rheims

Douay Verson New American
(where names differ)
Old Testament 
Genesis  
Exodus  
Leviticus  
Numbers  
Deuteronomy  
Josue  Joshua
Judges  
Ruth  
1 Kings 1 Samuel
2 Kings 2 Samuel
3 Kings 1 Kings
4 Kings 2 Kings
1 Paralipomenon 1 Chronicles
2 Paralipomenon 2 Chronicles
1 Esdras Ezra
2 Esdras (Nehemis) Nehemiah
Tobias Tobit
Judith  
Esther  
Job  
Psalms  
Proverbs  
Ecclestiastes  
Canticle of Canticles Song of Songs
Isaias Isaiah
Jeremias Jereima
Lamentations  
Baruch  
Ezechiel Ezekial
Daniel  
Osee Hosea
Joel  
Amos  
Abdias Obdiah
Jonas Johah
Micheas Michah
Nahum  
Habacuc Habakkuk
Sophonias Zephaniah
Aggeus Haggai
Zacharius Zechariah
Malachias Malachi
1 Machabees  
2 Machabees  
New Testament
Challoner-Rheims New American
Matthew  
Mark  
Luke  
John  
The Acts of the Apostles  
The Epistles
Paul to the Romans  
1 Corinthians  
2 Corinthians  
Galations  
Epesians  
Philippians  
Colossians  
1 Thessalonians  
2 Thessalonians  
1 Timothy  
2 Timothy  
Titus  
Philemon  
To the Hebrews  
The Epistle of St. James  
1 St. Peter  
2 St. Peter  
1 St. John  
2 St. John  
3 St. John  
St. Jude  
The Apocaplise of St. John the Apostle  Revelation