Plutarch's Parallel Lives is a collection of concise biographies of famous Greek and Roman men, most often comparing two of them. There is a school of thought that there should be a comparison for all of the pairings and that some of them have been lost. Because this work is also referenced on the Emperors pages, I began the table below but I will likely not finish it.

The concept of the work seems to be that the Romans and the Greeks have much in common as can be seen in the lives of these famous people.

Greek Lives Roman Lives Comparisons
Theseus Founder of Athens Romulus Founder of Rome  
Lycurgus Lawgiver of Sparta Numa Pompilius 2nd king of Rome  
Solon Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. Publicola (Publius Valerius) one of four Roman aristocrats who led the overthrow of the monarchy  
Themistocles Athenian politician and general, one of a new breed of non-aristocratic politicians. Marcus Furius Camillus soldier and statesman of patrician descent. According to Livy and Plutarch, Camillus triumphed four times, was five times dictator, and was honoured with the title of Second Founder of Rome. comparison not extant
Pericles was a prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during the Golden Age Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus Called "the delayer" in reference to ihis strategy against Hannibal's forces during the Second Punic War.  
Alcibiades prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general. Coriolanus Gaius Marcius (Caius Martius) Coriolanus in considered legendary by some, he is said to have lived in the 5th century BC.  In later ancient times, it was generally accepted that was a real historical individual. Plutarch is one of the sources about him.  
Timoleon   Aemilius Paulus    
Pelopidas   Marcellus    
Aristides   Cato the Elder    
Philopoemen   Flamininus    
Pyrrhus   Marius   comparison not extant
Lysander   Sulla    
Cimon   Lucullus    
Nicias   Crassus    
Eumenes   Sertorius    
Agesilaus   Pompey    
Alexander   Caesar   comparison not extant
Phocion   Cato the Younger   comparison not extant
Agis & Cleomenes   Tiberius & Caius Gracchus    
Demosthenes   Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman politician and lawyer. He is considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists  
Demetrius   Antony    
Dion   Brutus   3/5/18 3/5/18 3/5/18 3/5/18 3/5/18