Today Armenia is a mountainous country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan in the west and Iran to the south. In the past Armenia was much larger encompassing much of what is now Turkey. Christianity came to Armenia through the missionary work of St. Gregory, called the "Enlightener" or "Illuminator" of Armenia (c. 257 – c. 331). Gregory was son of the Armenian Parthian nobles Anak the Parthian and Okohe. Anak was charged with assassinating Khosrov II, one of the kings of the Arsacid dynasty and was put to death. Gregory narrowly escaped execution with the help of Sopia and Yevtagh, his caretakers. He was taken to Caesarea in Cappadocia where Sopia and Yevtagh hoped to raise him. Gregory was given to the Christian Holy Father Phirmilianos (Euthalius) to be educated and was brought up as a devout Christian. He entered the service of King Tiridates of Armenia and after much persecution succeeded in converting the King in AD 301.

Tiridates in turn helped Gregory to convert the whole country to Christianity. In some regions this took place with relative ease; in others evangeli­zation met great resistance. With the help of the King, Gregory destroyed the pagan sanctuaries and crushed the armed opposition of the pagan priests. Paganism lingered, however, in the remote parts of the country.

Gregory was formally designated as the supreme head of the Church, and was sent to Caesarea to be ordained a bishop. He thus became the first in an unbroken line of 13 catholicoi (or "universal bishops") of the Armenian Church.

Gregory was also instrumental in the conversion of the neighboring countries of Georgia and Albania. He built the first Christian cathedral in Vagharshapat, near Mount Ararat, then the capital of Armenia.

Gregory's second son and successor, Aristakes, attended as a delegate of the Armenian Church to the Council of Nicaea, in 325. The Armenian Church recognizes the first three Ecumenical Councils there are: The councils of Nicaea, Constantinople and Ephesus. As part of what is known as Oriental Orthodoxy the Armenian Church is non-Chalcedonian.

The Armenian Churches Doctrine respecting the Person of Christ is:

The orthodox Faith is that there is but one person in Christ, that of God, and that this Divine person took manhood in the womb of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Armenian is another example of a language that had no written form until the desire to translate the Bible and Christian scholarship developed one.  In 404 A.D., St. Mesrob (at that time a monk) completed an alphabet of 36 letters. His objective was to translate the Bible into Armenian, but the advent of a written language sparked the golden age of classical Armenian literature.

As to their definition of the Church from we find:

What is the Church?
The Church is the assembly or unity of orthodox Christians, who though they are spread throughout the world, form the same society and brotherhood, under the supervision of lawful Bishops.


Who established the Church?
Christ our Lord established the Christian Church, therefore He is also the Head and Rock and Foundation of the Church.

About the Bible from their web site we read:

The Holy Bible is that wonderful creation of books, which were written by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit one after another by different prophets and apostles. The whole being called also the Holy Scriptures and the Word of God.


In the whole of the Holy Scriptures (Old and New Testaments) there are 66 books, which were written in a period of 1500 years extending from the time of the prophet Moses to that of the Apostles.


In the Old Testament there are 39 Books written in the Hebrew language, which the Jews had before the coming of Christ and which they preserve and honor to this day.

The New Testament contains 27 books all written by Apostles and disciples of Jesus Christ, transmitting to the Christians knowledge of the earthly life, death, resurrection and teaching of the Heavenly Master. Christianity has accepted and recognized this collection from the beginning as the books of the New Testament in greater honor than the Old Testament and as being its crown and completion.

This is different from what is shown in the following table which is from Wikipedia and Bombaxo (references given below). The table would indicate that the Armenians rely on the Septuagint for their Old Testament, from the numbers above it would seem that their Bible aligns more closely to the Protestant canon which relies on the Hebrew canon.


  King James/
Pentateuch + +
Joshua + +
Judges + +
Ruth + +
Samuel + +
Kings + +
Chronicles + +
Ezra + +
Nehemiah + +
Tobit apocrypha +
Judith apocrypha +
Esther + +
Additions to Esther apocrypha +
Job + +
Psalms + +
Proverbs + +
Ecclesties + +
Song of Songs + +
Wisdom of Solomon apocrypha +
Sirach apocrypha +
Isaiah + +
Jeremiah + +
Lamentations + +
Baruch apocrypha +
Letter of Jeremiah apocrypha +
Ezekiel + +
Daniel + +
Additions to Daniel apocrypha +
Minor Prophets (The Book of the Twelve) + +
1 Maccabees apocrypha +
2 Maccabees apocrypha + 2/2/14 2/2/14 2/2/14 2/2/14 2/2/14